Engineer of Spear Street, Manchester, and maker of gear-driven roller mowers in the 1860s. Advertising material stated that "1,900 machines were sold in 1868 making a total of 5,700 sold since 1865". Available with either one or two handles, hand machines were offered in 1869 in 10 to 24 inch sizes, and horse and pony mowers from 26 to 48 inches. Prices ranged from £3.10.0d to £8.15.0d for manual machines and from £13.0.0d to £28.0.0d for donkey/horse machines. Later in the century the firm seems mainly to have been engaged in supplying American mowers to British retailers.